Dsegh is one of those mountainous regions in Lori Province where land topography is highly variable and spans landscapes from deep river canyons to lofty mountain peaks.
Dsegh Important Bird Area stretches from the river Debed south towards the foothills of the Halab mountain range encompassing the land between the rivers Pambak and Marts. The highest elevation point in the IBA is Mount Bovaqar (Halab) rising as high as 3016 m a.s.l., while the lowest being the estuary of Marts River (829 m a.s.l.). The territory of the IBA with a fairly vertical altitudinal variation provides landscape habitats that are rich in its diverse range and include mountain steppe with a prominent rocky outcrops, dense stands of forest with closed canopies, subalpine and alpine meadows.
Over 150 species of birds have been recorded on the territory of the IBA. Dsegh IBA is unique in its diversity of breeding raptors: Lammergeyer (Gypaetus barbatus) and Griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), Lesser spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina), Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus), Levant Sparrowhawk (Accipiter brevipes), Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus), as well as globally endangered Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), European Roller (Coracias garullus), Semicollared flycatcher (Ficedula semitorquata), Corncrake (Crex crex), Caspian Snowcock (Tetraogallus caspius) and Caucasian Grouse (Tetrao mlokosiewiczi) which inhabits the upper treeline of the forest with dense rhododendron thickets and is a typical denizen of this habitat.
Threats to the site
The main threats in the area include a human disturbance factor, overgrazing, harvest of cereal crops, intensive agriculture (habitat degradation and loss), livestock grazing in the forest, logging, extraction of valuable minerals (mining).
Plant and Animal Life
The territory of the IBA is predominantly covered with Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis) forest, although wild Common fig (Ficus carica) also grows occasionally. The area is especially noteworthy for its Rhododendron thickets growing in the transition zone between the upper line of mountain forest and subalpine meadows and is listed in the Red Data Book of Armenia.
The area provides important habitats to vertebrate fauna such as: Brown bear (Ursus arctos), Wild cat (Felis silvestris), Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx), Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes), Caucasian squirrel (Sciurus anomalus).
Conservation designation: Not protected